If we get too much food, or food that gives our bodies the wrong instructions, we can become overweight, undernourished, and at risk for the development of diseases and conditions, such as arthritis, heart disease, and diabetes.
Type2 diabetes is a key health concern worldwide. The reports finds that as of 2018, 9.4 percent of people are living with type2 diabetes.
Type2 diabetes is thought to result from both lifestyle factors and genetic factors. The risk factors appear to include: excess body fat, high blood glucose and pressure, and unhealthy diet.
Glycemic Index and Diabetes
The glycemic index(GI) measures how food raises blood glucose. A food with a high GI raises bllod glucose more than a food with a low or medium GI.Carbohydrate is an essential part of our diets, but not all carbohydrate foods are equal. The Glycemic Index (GI) is a relative ranking of carbohydrate in foods according to how they affect blood glucose levels. Carbohydrates with a low GI value (55 or less) are more slowly digested, absorbed and metabolised and cause a lower and slower rise in blood glucose and, therefore usually, insulin levels.
For the whole day the GI classifications are:
Low: 45 or less